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RAISED $ - OUR GOAL $500,000

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Wedge-tailed Eagle (Aquila audax fleayi)

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OUR CONSERVATION STATUS
  • National: Endangered
  • State: Endangered (TAS)
HOW MANY OF US ARE THERE?

<1,000 individuals

WHERE DO WE LIVE?

The Wedge-tailed Eagle (Tasmanian) is found only in Tasmania and nearby islands and have been isolated for 10 000 years from their mainland counterparts, becoming a separate subspecies.

DID YOU KNOW?

With only about 130 pairs successfully breeding each year in Tasmania, the wedge-tailed eagle is listed as endangered. It is a large bird that measures up to 110 cm in length, with a wingspan of up to 2.3 m, and a mass of up to 5.5 kg. Females are larger than males, they have a longer body and a much larger bill.

OUR HABITAT

The Wedge-tailed Eagle (Tasmanian) inhabits coastal, lowland and highland regions. It uses a wide variety of habitats including dry sclerophyll forest, temperate rainforest, sub-alpine forest, dry woodland, coastal heathland, small wetlands, riparian vegetation, sedgeland, grassland and farmland. However, breeding and nesting is restricted to a range of old-growth native forests, especially those dominated by Eucalyptus species.

The Wedge-tailed Eagle is carnivorous, and feeds on both live prey and carrion. The Wedge-tailed Eagle (Tasmanian) captures most of its live prey by launching itself from a perch and attacking prey on the ground or, less frequently, in flight. Hunting usually takes place during the day.

FAMILY LIFE

Breeding territories can contain several nests, but usually one is favoured over the others, and will be re-used each year until breeding fails. The use of nest sites is traditional, and the same site may be used for up to 50 years.

The female usually lays one egg. The nestlings of the Wedge-tailed Eagle (Tasmanian) are fed by both parents, and can remain in the nest for up to 90 days. The young remain near the nest for several weeks after fledging. They depend on their parents for food for at least three months after leaving the nest, and may accompany their parents until the next breeding season.

THREATS TO OUR SURVIVAL
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation due to clearance of native vegetation
  • Disturbance of nesting birds leading to a decline in breeding success
  • Mortality due to shooting of birds
  • Removal of eggs or nestlings for the illegal pet trade market

Wedge-tailed Eagles love & need:

Eucalyptus

Eucalypts come in a great range of shapes and sizes – from tall trees to small shrubs. Eucalypts are a dominant part of the Australian flora. Eucalypts range across Australia – the only landscape they are completely absent from is the high alpine areas, though they are scarce in rainforests and in the arid interior of the continent, except where they find refuge along streams and in isolated ranges. A few varieties of gum leaves are the only food eaten by koalas. READ MORE

Acacia

The leaves of acacias are compound pinnate in general. In some species, however, more especially in the Australian and Pacific islands species, the leaflets are suppressed, and the leaf-stalks become vertically flattened in order to serve the purpose of leaves. These are known as “phyllodes”. The vertical orientation of the phyllodes protects them from intense sunlight since with their edges towards the sky and earth they do not intercept light as fully as horizontally placed leaves. READ MORE

Melaleuca

Melaleuca fruits are woody, cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or almost spherical capsules, often arranged in clusters along the stems. The seeds are sometimes retained in the fruits for many years, only opening when the plant, or part of it dies or is heated in a bushfire. In tropical areas, seeds are released annually in the wet season. READ MORE