PLANT A TREE FOR ME!
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RAISED $ - OUR GOAL $500,000

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Koala (Phascolarctes cinereus)

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CONSERVATION STATUS
  • National: Vulnerable 
  • State: Vulnerable in ACT, NSW and QLD 
The national koala population is estimated to be less that 100,000.
 
WHERE DO WE LIVE?

Koalas can be found in coastal areas of the Australian mainland's eastern and southern regions. 

 

OUR HABITAT  

The distribution of the Koala and its habitat is influenced by altitude, temperature and, in drier areas, leaf moisture. Koalas naturally inhabit a range of temperate, sub-tropical and tropical forest, woodland and semi-arid communities dominated by Eucalyptus trees.

 
While Koalas have been observed sitting in or eating up to 120 species of eucalypt, the diet of individual Koalas is usually limited to obtaining most of their nutrition from one or a few species present at a site. Koalas may, at times, supplement its diet with other species, including Leptospermum and Melaleuca. Because their eucalypt diet has limited nutritional and caloric content, koalas are largely sedentary and sleep up to 20 hours a day. 

 

DID YOU KNOW?

The koala is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia and its closest living relatives are the wombats. The koala has one of the smallest brains in proportion to body weight of any mammal.

 
There is only one species of Koala.  Differences in physical features such as fur colour and body size are attributed to different environmental conditions rather than subspecies differentiation. Males are generally larger than females. Koalas from the northern populations are typically smaller and lighter in colour than their counterparts further south. In the north, Koala tends to have shorter, silver-grey fur, whereas in the south it has longer, thicker, brown-grey fur.  

 

FAMILY LIFE

Female Koalas can produce one offspring each year. With births occurring between October and May. The newly-born Koala lives in its mother's pouch for 6–8 months and, after leaving the pouch, remains dependent on the mother, riding on her back. Young Koalas are independent from about 12 months of age. Longevity in the wild is more than 15 years for females and more than 12 years for males. 

 

THREATS TO OUR SURVIVAL  
  • Habitat loss and fragmentation due to clearance of native vegetation          
  • Mortality due to dog attacks and vehicle strikes 
  • Disease – Chlamydia 
  • Climate change (increased risk of intense fire and more droughts are expected) 

Koalas love & need:

Eucalyptus

Eucalypts are a defining feature of Australia. They are the dominant tree of the developed areas of the country, although only sparsely represented in the driest regions. There are over 800 species which have adapted to nearly every environment. READ MORE

Leptospermum

There are over 80 species of Tea Tree, and most are endemic to Australia, with the greatest diversity in the south of the continent. They are from a hardy and adaptable genus that grows in many sizes from shrubs to trees, reaching 1–8m tall (rarely up to 20m), with dense branching. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, sharp-tipped, and small, in most species not over 1cm long. READ MORE

Melaleuca

Most melaleucas are endemic to Australia. They are found in a wide variety of habitats. Many are adapted for life in swamps and boggy places, while others thrive in the poorest of sandy soils or on the edge of saltpans. Some have a wide distribution and are common whilst others are rare and endangered. READ MORE